Reymann Brewing Company
Wheeling, West Virginia
The Reymann Brewery, located in Wheeling, West Virginia, was once an integral part of the city’s rich German heritage that date to the 19th century. Wheeling was known as an early prominently German community in the northern panhandle of the Mountain State and boasted of its unofficial nickname, the Beer Belly, with pride as it was a city filled with over 130 taverns and saloons. The largest of the breweries in the state was Reymann.
Anton Reymann was born in Gaubickelheim, Germany in 1837, and immigrated to Wheeling, West Virginia in 1853 with his father, George Reymann, who was a school teacher.(1)(5) George, along with Peter Paul Beck, founded possibly the first brewery in Wheeling, the Franklin Brewing Company,(3) dating to 1849.(1)(4) Anton enrolled in the local school district until it was forced to close because of a smallpox outbreak. Only 17 years of age at the time, Reymann began working for the company his father co-founded, and served as an apprentice for four years. The brewery grew in size, and was relocated to 15th Street between Market and Main.(3)
In 1862, Anton married Beck’s daughter, Thusnelda Beck.(5)
His father later retired from the brewery,(5) and in 1863, Beck was forced to quit because of health complications and named Anton manager of the brewery.(3)
After operating the brewery on 15th Street for several years, Reymann constructed a larger, more modern facility along the north bank of Wheeling Creek on the site of the tavern in 1865.(3) Located in the Manchester neighborhood,(1)(2) the brewery became the largest in the state, with its caverns holding between 7,000 and 8,000 barrels of beer.(3)(4) The main building had a width of 360 feet and was constructed of brick with a stone foundation. Natural springs provided fresh water and coal from a nearby mine was the source of electricity. In 1881, the Reymann brewery offered stock for the first time, and by 1904, the brewery produced over 150,000 barrels per year.(5)
Reymann later became known as a stockholder in the Wheeling and Elm Grove Railroad and president of the Wheeling Park company.(1)(3) At the time that Reymann purchased the railroad, the narrow-gauge horse-drawn railway was in dire condition, and he modernized it with steam engines and electrified the network.(5) He then purchased the park and turned it into a popular amusement and recreation area for the region. He was also president of the State Fair association and also as co-founder and vice president of the German Fire Insurance Company, and later became involved in the founding of the German Bank, which became known as WesBanco.
Reymann was also responsible for supporting local charities, and was mostly responsible for the creation of Altenheim, later known as the “Home for Aged and Friendless Women.”(5) The residence was mostly populated with immigrant women who came to work in the United States as domestic servants, working in the homes of the wealthy and had nowhere to live in their later years. In 1891, Reymann purchased the 40-room1878 Mt. Belleview Hotel, which was a summer residence for wealthy Wheeling citizens, and renovated the facility into a residence for aged women. He offered to bear all of the expenses of the home for a year.
West Virginia became a dry state in July 1914 under Yost’s Law, and Reymann’s brewery was forced to close.(1)(2) After its closure, the Reymann Packing Company was formed by Paul O. Reymann, son of Anton Reymann, and was operated with success until it was purchased by Wilson Packing Company of Chicago.(3) The packing company was later abandoned, and a considerable portion of the brewery later became home to the Central Beverage Agency.
Anton died in 1924.(5) In his will, Reymann placed $25,000 into a trust, which was to be paid to Altenheim until the institution became self-sustaining.
During World War II, the caves and cellars that extended from the brewery was once considered the site of an air raid shelter for Wheeling.(3) Henry C. Miller, of the Wheeling Realty Company, who was also in charge of shelters for the local Civilian Defense Corps, proposed the idea based on the fact that bombers from the Atlantic coast could reach Wheeling in an attempt to avoid heavily fortified and defended coastal cities, and attempt to bomb inland industrialized regions.
On November 30, 2008,Anton Reymann was inducted posthumously into the Wheeling Hall of Fame for his contributions to Wheeling philanthropy.(5)
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- “Breweries of the 1800s.” Valley Magazine Nov. 2005: 25. Print.
- Hoffmann, Joe. “Lager-Lapping Land.” News-Register [Wheeling] 29 Oct. 1978: n. pag. Print.
- “Ancient cellars once used to store beer may serve Wheeling as air raid shelters.” News-Register [Wheeling] 8 Feb. 1942: n. pag. Print.
- J. H. Newton. History of the Pan-Handle, Wheeling, J.A. Caldwell, 1879.
- Comins, Linda. “Brewer to Join Wheeling Hall of Fame.” Intelligencer / Wheeling News-Register [Wheeling] 23 Nov. 2008: n. pag. Web. 18 Dec. 2010. Article.